In our vast experience as licensed bail bond agents in Indiana, we’ve helped secure the pretrial release of countless people.
As part of our responsibilities towards our clients, we often educate them on certain aspects of the legal system that they aren’t aware of.
Two common misconceptions we encounter in our line of work are that there’s only one type of arrest or that all arrests are the same.
In reality, there are different types of arrests, which we’ll discuss below:
1. Warrant Arrest
To initiate a warrant arrest, a police officer must first file a request with a judge. The request details the officer’s belief that a person has committed a crime.
In official terms, the officer is giving the ‘probable cause’ that they believe should be enough to arrest someone.
When the judge signs such a warrant, it gives the police the right to enter and search the property of a suspect and arrest them.
2. Misdemeanor Arrest
Misdemeanor arrests do not require a warrant.They take place when the police witnesses an illegal activity taking place, and exercises its right to arrest a person without a warrant.
Misdemeanors are minor offenses and typically don’t result in long imprisonments or severe consequences.
For example, if you trespass on a property, engage in a small act of vandalism, or assault another person (but without causing serious injuries), you’ve committed a misdemeanor and can be arrested immediately if a police officer catches you in the act.
3. Felony Arrest
Felonies are far more serious offenses than misdemeanors.
Some common examples of a felony include kidnapping, murder, burglary, arson, and rape. For such serious crimes, offenders face a felony arrest.
Such people then require the assistance of criminal defense lawyers and generally must face harsh consequences, such as lengthy incarcerations, heavy fines, or both.
4. Citizen’s Arrest
Also known as a private person’s arrest, a citizen’s arrest is carried out by one person against another.
Such an arrest can be initiated by any member of the public if they witness someone doing something illegal. They don’t need to be a law enforcement officer or have special privileges to do so.
For instance, when someone is caught while shoplifting, they’re usually detained by the store’s security until the police arrive and take the shoplifter into custody. This is a kind of citizen’s arrest, and it only lasts until the local law enforcement has taken charge of the situation.
Citizen arrests, aside from a scenario similar to the above example, are generally uncommon, as most people prefer calling the police.
5. Juvenile Arrest
If you’re underage, you may face a juvenile arrest for either of the following two kinds of offenses:
- Status offenses are crimes that can only be committed by children, including underage drinking, running away from home, curfew violations, and truancy.
- Delinquent offenses are crimes that can also be committed by adults, including theft, assault, and driving a car without a license.
What happens after a juvenile arrest takes place is similar to other kinds of arrests. The child is sent to juvenile court, where a judge decides whether to dismiss a case, put the child on probation, or send a child to a juvenile detention facility.
They may also order the child to undergo court-mandated counseling or perform community service.
Regardless of the type of arrest they experience, people in Indiana have depended on the 24-hour bail bond services of our family-owned-and-operated bail bonds agency for more than a decade. When it comes to affordable bail bonds service, DeLaughter Bail Bonds is the first and only choice.