Can A Police Officer Use Force During an Arrest?

The curious case of police brutality in the US is an old tale by now. As of August 30th, 2020, 661 civilians have been shot dead at the hands of the police. In 2018, this number stood at 996, and in 2019, it soared to 1,004.

Is there any clause in the constitution that justifies police brutality? The answer is no.

Let’s talk about the arrest procedure in general and how much force the police can use while they’re on the job.

How Do Officers Make An Arrest?

The officer can only make an arrest under three circumstances:

  • If they observe a crime themselves
  • If they have a reasonable ground or probable cause to believe that you’ve committed a crime
  • If they have a valid arrest warrant issued by a judge or a magistrate.

An officer can’t arrest you only because they feel like it or because someone told them that you’re a criminal. If you think the arrest is wrongful or unjustified, you can’t use force against the authorities. The law doesn’t even allow you to argue or resist the arrest using force. Similarly, the police aren’t allowed to use excessive force against the arrestee.

A police dog used as a non-lethal method of force

How Much Force Can The Police Use?

According to the Supreme Court orders, the police can only use limited coercion if the defendant puts them in a threatening situation. The exact degree of coercion depends on the threat level and should only escalate as a response to the threat.

The officer can try and diffuse the situation through:

  • Mere physical presence
  • Verbal statements and non-threatening requests
  • Empty-hand controls that include grabs, punches, and kicks
  • Non-lethal methods such as tasers, chemical sprays, and batons.

According to the law, the physical force must stop as soon as the need for the force ceases or when the suspect has been restrained. An officer is not allowed to punish a suspect if they no longer pose a threat.

What Can You Do?

The use of excessive force against a defendant is a clear-cut constitutional violation. If you feel like you’ve been a victim, you can file a civil rights complaint under Section 1983 of the US code. After application, the US Department of Justice investigates the case. They’ll check whether the officer’s actions were objectively reasonable.

In order to reach a decisive verdict, the department takes into account:

  • Whether or not you posed some threat to the officer’s safety
  • Whether or not you made an attempt to flee or resist the arrest
  • Whether there were alternative solutions to de-escalate the situation
  • Whether the officer provided ample warning
  • The severity of the underlying offense.

In order to file the complaint, you first need help from a bail bond agent to escape the bars. If you’re based in Indiana, DeLaughter Bail Bonds will help you irrespective of the time of the day! Read more about our 24-hours bail bond services here.

We also serve those in Kosciusko County, Whitley County, Miami County, and Wells County.

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